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UCI-Antidoping-Maßnahmen



Biologischer Pass der UCI



>>> Interview mit Dr. Lothar Heinrich 1999, Teamarzt Team Telekom und T-Mobile, über den UCI-Gesundheitspass, wenn man so will, ein Vorläufer des Biologischen Passes.






Dr. Olaf Schumacher:
"Die Mediziner arbeiten in Dreier-Teams und bearbeiten jeweils die Kontrollen einer Woche. "Nur wenn sich alle drei einig sind, geht eine Empfehlung an die UCI und die Wada", erklärt Schumacher. Radsportverband und die Welt-Anti-Doping-Agentur (Wada) werden gleichzeitig informiert: "Damit wird größtmögliche Transparenz gewährleistet. Die UCI hat überhaupt nicht die Chance etwas zu verschleiern."

""Wir können mit einer Wahrscheinlichkeit, die nur wenige Zehntel-Prozentpunkte unter der eines Vaterschaftstests liegt, sagen, ob jemand dopt" (...) "Wir Wissenschaftler haben unseren Part geleistet, jetzt sind die Juristen am Zug".

Am 1.1.2008 führte die UCI den biologischen Pass für alle ProTour-Fahrer und für Fahrer der Professional Continental Teams, die einen WildCard-Status besitzen, ein. Ab dem 1.1.2012 gab die UCI die Verantwortung für den Pass an die Athlete Passport Management Unit (APMU) in Lausanne ab. (VeloNation, 3.4.2012, APMU, VeloNation, 3.4.2012, WADA).

 

Der Schwerpunkt des Passes liegt bislang auf der Analyse von Blutparametern, weshalb auch von einem Blutpass gesprochen wurde und wird. Daneben werden aber auch Urinproben ausgewertet mit dem Ziel über diesen Weg die Anwendung anderer Substanzen, insbesondere anabole Steroide erfassen zu können, weshalb von einem Steroidprofil gesprochen wird. Dieses Vorhaben scheint sich aber schwieriger zu gestalten, als die Auswertung der Blutprofile.

 

>>> UCI, 9.1.2008: Biological passports take shape as planned

>>> UCI, 9.2.2011: Biological Passport - Questions / Answers

 

 

SIAB/Ashenden: Explanation of Blood Passport

 

>>> Expertengremium, das die Profile auswertet

 

>>> Nähere Erläuterungen zum biologischen Pass

Anne Gripper, Stand 13.10.2008:

>>> Cycling Weekly: ANNE GRIPPER INTERVIEW

 

Michael Ashenden im April 2010:

velocitynation: The Bio Passport: 5 Questions for Michael Ashenden

 

Michael Ashenden erläutert die Beurteilung der Daten, 6.7.2012:

velonews: Ashenden: Understanding USADA’s Armstrong charges

 

Erläuterungen von The Science of Sport, 16.3.2011, 20.3.2011 und 18.7.2011:

The Science of Sport: The Biological passport gets a boost, and the science of progress

The Science of Sport: The Biological Passport Part 2: Effective fight or futile failure?

The Science of Sport: The biological passport - giving some context to the performances in the Tour

 

 

Am 1. 12. 2009 verabschiedete die WADA Richtlinien für den Biologischen Pass, betreff Blutparameter, die den Verbänden als Grundlage dienen können und sollten, um diese indirekte Nachweismethode weltweit zu harmonisieren und juristisch abzusichern. Inwieweit das Vorgehen der UCI heute mit dem WADA-Guide harmoniert (die Jahre zuvor hatten die Verbände ihre Zusammenarbeit eingestellt), ist mir nicht bekannt. Es dürften aber etliche Übereinstimmungen geben, zumal die mitarbeitenden Experten weitgehend identisch sind.

WADA: Biologischer Pass 2009

 

Es gibt Hinweise darauf, dass die in den Pass gesetzten großen Hoffnungen trügen:

Screening for recombinant human erythropoietin using [Hb], reticulocytes, the OFF(hr score), OFF(z score) and Hb(z score): status of the Blood Passport.

 



9.10.2008 Press release : Biological passports take shape as planned

The International Cycling Union (UCI) announced in October 2007 that biological passport would be introduced in 2008. Now that samples are being taken to establish riders' haematological and steroid profiles, the UCI would like to clarify the constituent elements of the system.

 

Setting up the biological passport system requires the following:

 

- the introduction of a reliable riders' whereabouts system to allow out-of-competition testing;

 

- the establishment of a procedure for the collection of samples from riders;

 

- the drawing up of a list of laboratories responsible for analysing blood and urine samples;

 

- making the financial resources required by the project available;

 

- establishing the entities responsible for setting up, operating and monitoring the project.

 

Riders' whereabouts

 

The UCI has been conducting out-of-competition tests for several years. In order to achieve this, it has been necessary to have information on the riders' locations when not competing.

 

The UCI conducted some 1,000 out-of-competition tests in 2007. The number of tests will increase to 7,000 in 2008. This represents an increase in terms of volume, but not of innovation: the necessary whereabouts system already exists. It has proven to be effective and has been further improved for the commencement of the passport program.

 

The UCI already has information on the whereabouts of all the riders of the UCI ProTeams, representing some 500 individuals (of 660 subject to the biological passports in 2008). The system will also be implemented for the riders of Professional Continental Teams granted Wild Card status (100-200 riders).

 

The UCI thus already has information on the whereabouts of the majority of riders who will have a biological passport from January 2008.

 

The procedure for gathering information on athletes' whereabouts will be facilitated by the introduction of the ADAMS system (Anti-Doping Administration & Management System), developed by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). The UCI is currently training the teams in the use of this programme; it will allow them to submit and update riders' schedules online. Part of the teams has already used it. ADAMS should be fully operational from March 2008. It will gradually replace the current procedure based on faxed information.

 

Collection of samples

 

The UCI can only collect the samples required for biological passports (approximately 7,000 per year) with external assistance. This task will require close collaboration between the UCI and specialist sample collection organisations.

 

From 1 January 2008, these organisations will be able to conduct checks on the majority of riders.

 

Each rider will be tested as many times as necessary by the end of June.

 

Laboratories and the analysis of samples

 

Blood samples will be analysed in accordance with the following procedure:

 

1. Every sample will be analysed by a laboratory that is approved by WADA or the UCI and has the required equipment and staff of suitable competence. Five laboratories have been selected by the UCI at present. All of these have been accredited by Centre Suisse de Contrôle de la Qualité (Swiss Quality Control Centre).

 

It should be noted that the measurements of values for the biological passport (haemoglobin, free plasma haemoglobin, reticulocytes, stimulation index, haematocrit) do not present any particular technical difficulties.

 

2.The statistical model, developed by the Lausanne Laboratory, will be applied to the results of analysis to determine an abnormal blood profile score.

 

3. The abnormal blood profile score is then submitted for interpretation by a group of independent scientific experts; this group then recommends the action to be taken by the UCI.

 

Financial resources

 

Negotiations are underway with various bodies who have made a commitment to finance the programme in conjunction with the UCI: UCI ProTeams, UCI Professional Continental Teams with Wild Card status, organisers, riders, WADA and the French Ministry of Health, Youth Affairs and Sport.

 

Entities

 

A working group responsible for defining the project's logistical and legal conditions was set up at the end of October 2007. This group gathered together representatives from the International Cycling Union, World Anti-Doping Agency and the French Ministry of Health, Youth Affairs and Sport. The group has already met several times.

 

A committee of independent experts will shortly be established. This committee will be responsible for assessing the results of analyses of riders issued with a biological passport and will communicate its recommendations to WADA and the UCI. The UCI then decides whether to open proceedings. If deemed appropriate, the UCI will send a request to the rider's Federation to commence proceedings.

 

A monitoring and evaluation committee will be appointed in the near future. This will comprise representatives from the UCI, WADA, the French Ministry of Health, Youth Affairs and Sport as well as the associations representing the teams (AIGCP), organisers (AIOCC) and riders (CPA).

 

UCI Press Service

 

 


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